The seed was sown in 1882, when it was started as a small municipal dispensary at Aroct Road of Vellore town. 23 years, later it was transferred to the new building at the heart of the town in 1915. It was inaugurated by the Governor of Madras Lord PENTLAND, hence known as PENTLAND HOSPITAL and started functioning as one of the major District Headquarters Hospital in the State.
Apart from 541 Bedded in patient care it also housed center for District Tuberculoses Control Program, ANM nurse training school for Family welfare clinic, ward for prisoners, ESI Ward, Blood Bank and training centre Paramedical courses.During the evaluation the presence for further growth arose. The need for converting the Head quarters Hospital to Medical College arose and in 2000 July G.O. was issued to start a new Medical College at Vellore and the premises were shifted to Adukkumbarai to accommodate expansion.
There are well established Departments of General Medicine, General Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Pediatrics, Respiratory Medicine. Ortho Pediatric, Physical Medicine, Radiology & Intensive -Care Units, Special Clinics for Cardiology, Neurology, Hypertension, Diabetics, Plastic Surgery ENT, Ophthalmology andART Clinic are functioning.Cemonc Centre is functioning in this Hospital to give special care to the Labour patients.ART Centre is functioning in this Hospital with sufficient facilities to identify and Counseling of the AIDS patients. ICMR, TRC, IDSP schemes are effectively carried out in this institution.
The department of Medicine was started with one professor and four associate professors
Functioning as four medical units, includes Geriatrist and Diabetologist and allied specialties including Cardiology, Neurology, Dermatology, Psychiatry, Oncology and Thoracic medicine.The department is also having a full fledged library with national and international journals.The department is having a well equipped IMCU &ICCU with bed strength of twenty four.A sophisticated ward has been exclusively opened for the beneficiaries under the Chief Ministers Comprehensive Health Scheme ( 500 Ward).